User Tools

Site Tools



Using the HALO Microwave Package (HAMP) for cloud and precipitation research


Representation of cloud and precipitation processes is one of the largest sources of uncertainty in climate and weather predictions. This project aims at exploring the potential of the novel HALO microwave package (HAMP) for airborne cloud and precipitation research by participating in all cloud related missions of the research aircraft HALO. HAMP is a unique combination of a 26 channel microwave radiometer and a cloud radar. To make HAMP a valuable research instrument, we will develop synergistic retrieval algorithms which convert the measured passive and active microwave signals into profiles of temperature, humidity and hydrometeor content with corresponding error estimates. A comprehensive evaluation of HAMP with existing observational systems, like e.g. satellites and ground based remote sensing super-sites will allow an assessment of its added value. In particular, we will analyze whether HAMP can resolve the fine-scale structure of cloud and precipitation fields and can thus relate point observations with area averaged data from satellites and models. Finally, observations from the NARVAL campaign will be used to demonstrate the benefit of HAMP for model development by revising the frequently used model assumption that shallow convective clouds do not precipitate.


  • Validation of satellite estimates of cloud properties and precipitation by performing detailed in situ and remote sensing observations of cloud vertical structure
  • Perform process studies on cloud and precipitation for evaluating and improving cloud parameterizations in weather forecast and climate models

The Team

University of Cologne
Prof. Dr. Susanne Crewell
Dr. Maximilian Maahn
Dr. Mario Mech
Dr. Emiliano Orlandi
Marek Jacob
University of Hamburg
Dr. Lutz Hirsch
Friedhelm Jansen
Prof. Dr. Felix Ament



HAMP - the microwave package on the High Altitude and LOng range research aircraft HALO. Mech, M., E. Orlandi, S. Crewell, F. Ament, L. Hirsch, M. Hagen, G. Peters, and B. Stevens Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4539-4553, doi:10.5194/amt-7-4539-2014, 2014

Combining Ground-based and Satellite-based Measurements in the Atmospheric State Retrieval: Assessment of the Information Content. Ebell, K., E. Orlandi, A. Hunerbein, U. Lohnert, and S. Crewell J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 6940–6956, doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50548, 2013.

Conference contributions

Influence of ECMWF background error covariances on the retrieval of temperature and humidity by the HAMP radiometer.
Orlandi E, E. V. Holm, M. Mech, S. Crewell
Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment (MICRORAD) conference, Pasadena, CA, USA, 24-27.03.2014.

Sensor synergy to detect clouds and precipitation: results of the first HALO-HAMP flight campaign.
Orlandi E, M. Mech, S. Crewell, F. Ament, C. Klepp
Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment (MICRORAD) conference, Pasadena, CA, USA, 24-27.03.2014.

Active and passive microwave retrieval algorithm for hydrometeor concentration profiles: application to the HAMP instrument.
Orlandi, E., M. Mech, S. Crewell, A. Lammert
AGU fall meeting, San Francisco, US, 3-7.12.2012.

Retrieval development and test for HAMP, the HALO microwave package.
Orlandi, E., M. Mech, S. Crewell, A. Lammert, A. Seifert and L. Hirsch
Microwave Radiometry and Remote Sensing of the Environment (MICRORAD) conference, Tor Vergata, Italy, 5.-9.03.2012.

Retrieval of temperature, humidity, and integrated hydrometeor contents from observations with the microwave package HAMP on the High Altitude and LOng range aircraft HALO.
Mech, M., S. Crewell, U. Löhnert, and E. Orlandi
EUMETSAT Meteorological Satellite Conference 2011, Oslo, Norway, 5.-9.9.2011.

HAMP - The Microwave Package on the „High Altitude and LOng range“ research aircraft HALO
Mech, M., G. Peters, L. Hirsch, and S. Crewell
3rd International Workshop on Satellite-based Snowfall Measurements (IWSSM), Grainau, Germany, 30.3.-2.4.2011.

HAMP - Erste Retrievalstudien für das Mikrowellen-Paket auf HALO
Mech, M., S. Crewell, G. Peters, and L. Hirsch
DACH Meteorologentagung 2010, Bonn, Germany, 20.-24.9.2010.

projects/halo/halo.txt · Last modified: 2018/07/18 12:13 by marek